How to effectively implement supply chain manageme

  • Detail

How to effectively implement enterprise supply chain management

"the current competition between enterprises has already risen to the competition between supply chains" has become a household proverb

after the fanatical hype of the industry and the hype of merchants in the first few years, China's SCM market has gradually calmed down, and the market has entered a stable development stage of low-speed growth. However, the poison that was hyped a few years ago still exists. On the one hand, for some application enterprises, the construction idea of "large and comprehensive" at one time is popular; On the other hand, in the SCM market, the market is still very chaotic. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the specific connotation and future development of SCM

what is SCM SCM

supply chain management (SCM for short) is a process of optimizing the transmission of products, services and information from suppliers to customers. SCM SCM refers to a series of business processes formed around the common goal of meeting end users in the group of trading partners

scm SCM is the management of enterprise supply chain, which is the management of supply, demand, raw material procurement, market, production, inventory, order, distribution and delivery, including every link from production to delivery, from supplier's supplier to customer's customer. Supply chain is the business cycle system that enterprises rely on for survival, and it is the most important topic in enterprise e-commerce management. Statistics show that the enterprise supply chain can consume up to 25% of the operating costs of enterprises

supply chain management includes five basic contents:

plan: This is the strategic part of SCM. You need to have a strategy to manage the resources of the foundation dynamic characteristic test procedure gb/t 50269 (9) 7 to meet the needs of customers for your products. A good plan is to establish a series of methods to monitor the supply chain, so that it can effectively and cost effectively deliver high-quality and high-value products or services to customers

purchase: select suppliers who can provide goods and services for your products and services, establish a set of pricing, distribution and payment processes with suppliers, create methods to monitor and improve management, and combine the management processes of goods and services provided by suppliers, including picking up goods, verifying bills, transferring goods to your manufacturing department and approving payment to suppliers

manufacturing: the activities required for arranging production, testing, packaging and preparing for delivery are the most measured parts in the supply chain, including the measurement of quality level, product output and workers' production efficiency

distribution: many "insiders" call it "logistics", which is to adjust users' order receipts, establish a warehouse network, send delivery personnel to pick up and deliver goods to customers, establish a commodity pricing system, and receive payment

return: This is the problem handling part of the supply chain. Establish a network to receive defective and redundant products returned by customers, and provide support in case of problems with customers' application products

benefits of supply chain management for enterprises:

increase the accuracy of forecasts

reduce inventory and improve delivery and supply capacity

reduce the workflow cycle, improve productivity, and reduce the chain reaction cost of surfactant: alkyl phenol polyoxyethylene ether

reduce the overall procurement cost, shorten the production cycle, and speed up the market response

with the rapid development of Internet, more and more enterprises begin to use network to realize SCM. That is, the upstream and downstream enterprises of the enterprise are integrated by using the Internet. With the central manufacturer as the core, the upstream raw materials and parts suppliers, downstream distributors, logistics transporters, product service providers and banks are combined to form a complete e-commerce supply chain for end customers. The purpose is to improve the response speed of enterprises to the market and end customer needs for the purpose of purchasing costs and logistics costs, So as to improve the market competitiveness of enterprise products

for the current market, difficulties and suggestions in implementing SCM

although SCM has been in China for many years, there are few successful cases of SCM in the Chinese market at present. There are still many difficulties in translating SCM from concept to practical application. These difficulties roughly include:

I The effect of prediction and planning function is poor

at present, with the rapid development of the market, the product life cycle of enterprises is getting shorter and shorter, which requires enterprises to make rapid judgments on market response, which leads many enterprises to hope to help speed up their response to the market with the help of various software analysis. However, mathematical modeling has its shortcomings. Even the most accurate model cannot accurately calculate the macroeconomic situation, especially the psychological behavior of consumers, so as to accurately predict the market demand of a product. Supply chain management software is also powerless

II There is a lack of trust and cooperation between the internal management of enterprises

although in the current Chinese market, it is an indisputable fact that the channel is the king and the terminal is the winner. In such a market with mutual game and fierce competition, it is difficult for enterprises to carry out trust and cooperation. It is still difficult to establish a supply chain alliance and make a unified management system for the supply chain. However, many large enterprises with strong financial background still manage the supply chain in a unified way through self built channels, opening branches, franchising dealers, etc

III There are "information islands" in the supply chain

many companies in the existing supply chain have their own internal information systems. Because of this, the workload of this work alone can be daunting by unifying the internal system interfaces

therefore, in SCM's hierarchical model, the higher the level of functions, the greater the difficulty of implementation; The lower the level of function, the easier it is to implement, so the popularity of application will be higher. Various automation technologies at the lowest level, such as EDI, bar code, GIS and other technologies, have been widely used, and various innovative technologies continue to appear. At the operational level, various logistics systems such as transportation management system (TMS) and warehouse management system (WMS) have been widely used

analysis of the implementation path of enterprise SCM

at present, collaborative software is becoming more and more popular. With the gradual awakening of many software manufacturers, especially ERP manufacturers, they add more and more SCM functions to their products. The market has led many original SCM software manufacturers in the SCM field to invade the ERP software market. Such a situation also occurs in the field of CRM. In this case, people can't help wondering: will ERP, SCM, SCM and CRM be integrated in the future

when implementing information transformation, enterprises often make judgments, whether software products are purchased from one manufacturer or from multiple manufacturers

for this problem, I think the answer can be multifaceted. On the one hand, almost all manufacturers will instinctively expand their business scope and expand their product lines. For example, IBM will dominate hardware, software and services, and Microsoft, the software empire, has already begun to provide hardware products such as game consoles. In addition, the market demand will give birth to such a software company: it will sell SCM, SCM and even shining and gorgeous effect software, as well as ERP software, or integrate these products into a solution and sell them together. If you think it's too troublesome to choose between the East and the West and you have enough money, you can buy them in one company, just like buying brand computers

however, from the perspective of technical architecture, the answer is No. In the field of technology, distribution, standardization and componentization are irreversible trends. This trend can be well understood from the examples of compatible computers in computers. At present, the widely popular "service-oriented architecture (SOA)" is another proof of this trend. Brand computers are out of date and can be bought again. Anyway, the price is not too high. However, if the enterprise's information system is rebuilt from scratch, the cost is far beyond the average enterprise can bear. Therefore, in the construction of SCM, application enterprises do not need to pursue "eating at one bite makes a fat man" at all, and do not fantasize about building the whole SCM system at one time through a certain project and careful consideration and planning

therefore, in the process of implementing SCM, enterprises need to keep up with their own needs. They can follow the market in a similar way to building blocks, replace and upgrade existing functional modules in a timely manner like building blocks, and implement them step by step in a down-to-earth manner

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI